Friday, May 15, 2020

August Belmont Influential Banker in 19th Century New York

The banker and sportsman August Belmont was a prominent political and social figure in 19th century New York City. An immigrant who came to America to work for a prominent European banking family in the late 1830s, he attained wealth and influence and his lifestyle was emblematic of the Gilded Age. Belmont arrived in New York while the city was still recovering from two disastrous events, the Great Fire  of 1835 which destroyed the financial district, and the Panic of 1837, a depression which had rocked the entire American economy. Setting himself up as a banker specializing in international trade, Belmont became prosperous within a few years. He also became deeply involved in civic affairs in New York City, and, after becoming an  American citizen, took a great interest in politics at the national level. After marrying the daughter of a prominent officer in the U.S. Navy, Belmont became known for entertaining at his mansion on lower Fifth Avenue. In 1853 he was appointed to a diplomatic post in the Netherlands by President Franklin Pierce. After returning to America he became a powerful figure in the Democratic Party on the eve of the Civil War. Though Belmont would never be elected to public office himself, and his political party generally remained out of power at  the national level, he still exerted considerable influence. Belmont was also known as a patron of the arts, and his intense interest in horse racing led to one of Americas most famous races, the Belmont Stakes, being named in his honor. Early Life August Belmont was born in Germany on December 8, 1816. His family was Jewish, and his father was a landowner. At the age of 14, August took a job working as an office assistant in the House of Rothschild, Europes most powerful bank. Performing menial tasks at first, Belmont learned the rudiments of banking. Eager to learn, he was promoted and sent to Italy to work at a branch of the Rothschild empire. While in Naples he spent time in museums and galleries and developed an enduring  love of art. In 1837, at the age of 20, Belmont was sent by the Rothschild firm to Cuba. When it became known that the United States had entered a severe financial crisis, Belmont traveled to New York City. A bank which handled Rothschild business in New York had failed in the Panic of 1837, and Belmont quickly set himself up to fill that void. His new firm, August Belmont and Company, was established with virtually no capital beyond his association with the House of Rothschild. But that was enough. Within a few years he was prosperous in his adopted hometown. And he was determined to make his mark in America. Society Figure For his first few years in New York City, Belmont was something of rogue. He enjoyed late nights at the theater. And in 1841 he reportedly fought a duel and was wounded. By the end of the 1840s Belmonts public image had changed. He came to be considered a respected Wall Street banker, and on November 7, 1849, he married Caroline Perry, the daughter of Commodore Matthew Perry, a prominent naval officer. The wedding, held in a fashionable church in Manhattan, seemed to establish Belmont as a figure in New York society. Belmont and his wife lived in a mansion on  lower Fifth Avenue where they entertained lavishly. During the four years that Belmont was posted to the Netherlands as an American diplomat he collected paintings, which he brought back to New York. His mansion became known as something of an art museum. By the late 1850s Belmont was exerting considerable influence on the Democratic Party. As the issue of slavery threatened to split the nation, he counseled compromise. Though he was opposed to slavery in principle, he was also offended by the abolition movement.   Political Influence Belmont chaired the Democratic National Convention held in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1860. The Democratic Party split afterward, and Abraham Lincoln, the Republican Party candidate, won the election of 1860. Belmont, in various letters written in 1860, pleaded with friends in the South to block the move toward secession. In a letter from late 1860 quoted by the New York Times in his obituary, Belmont had written to a friend in Charleston, South Carolina, The idea of separate confederacies living in peace and prosperity on this continent after a dissolution of the Union is too preposterous to be entertained by any man of sound sense and the slightest knowledge of history. Secession means civil war to be followed by a total disintegration of the whole fabric, after endless sacrifices of blood and treasure. When war came, Belmont supported the Union vigorously. And while he was not a supporter of the Lincoln administration, he and Lincoln did exchange letters during the Civil War. It is believed that Belmont used his influence with European banks to prevent investment in the Confederacy during the war. Belmont continued to have some political involvement in the years following the Civil War, but with the Democratic Party generally out of power, his political influence waned. Yet  he remained very active on the New York social scene and became a respected patron of the arts as well as a supporter of his favorite sport, horse racing. The Belmont Stakes, one of the legs of thoroughbred racings annual Triple Crown, is named for Belmont. He financed the race beginning in 1867. Gilded Age Character In the later decades of the 19th century Belmont became  one of the characters who defined the Gilded Age in New York City. The opulence of his house, and the cost of his entertaining, were often the subject of gossip and mentions in newspapers. Belmont was said to keep one of the finest wine cellars in America, and his art collection was considered noteworthy. In the Edith Wharton novel The Age of Innocence, which was later made into a film by Martin Scorsese, the character of Julius Beaufort was based on Belmont. While attending a horse show at Madison Square Garden in November 1890 Belmont caught a cold which turned into pneumonia. He died in his Fifth Avenue mansion on November 24, 1890. The next day the New York Times, New York Tribune, and New York World all reported his death as page one news. Sources: August Belmont.  Encyclopedia of World Biography, 2nd ed., vol. 22, Gale, 2004, pp. 56-57.   August Belmont Is Dead. New York Times, November 25, 1890, p. 1.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

NA Reaction paper - 1370 Words

Narcotics Anonymous (NA) meeting Reaction Paper Denisha Hightower Morgan State University Dr. Anthony Estreet 4/15/15 The Narcotics Anonymous meeting which I attended was named 7 Days of NA which was located on 1212 North Wolfe Street at an organization called Dee’s Place. Just as the Alcoholic Anonymous meeting previously attended, the location appeared to be in a covert and quiet place to hold a support group. We entered through the rear entrance, which seemed to be staged that way to secure participants identity. As before at the last support group I attended, I searched around the room to see again, a 12 steps guide posted on the wall, a relatively thick NA ‘Basic Text’ textbook on the desk of the facilitator and this†¦show more content†¦Many participants engaged the group with stories of overcoming addiction or being sexually molested by family members as reasons behind their addiction. However all of their stories were compelling and empowering to the group of individuals who have seemed to endure some of the same sentiments as their fellow group mate. It appeared as if the individuals in the group even though that were court ordered appeared to be extremely engaged and very involved during the meetings. It seemed as though most who attended found peace and solice from the group during the NA meetings. As it stated by Krentzman, Robinson, Moore, et.al (2010), client’s state that their top two reasons for attending NA meetings were to promote recovery/ sobriety and to find support acceptance and friendships. One thing that I learned from the NA group that just as in AA, family support deems to be an important function on the perseverance of an addict and that the participation and involvement of family is detrimental in the treatment process for the addicts. In several of our readings many of the passages discussed the effects of family systems support as it pertains to substance abusers chemical addiction. The passages described the family system as being a detrimental part of the treatment process as well as for the treatment of the family as well. According to past studies, family involvement has aided clients inShow MoreRelatedInvestigation Of A Chemical Reaction Essay1750 Words   |  7 PagesAnalysis of a Chemical Reaction Name: Bala Sundaram Teacher: Ms. Leung. S Date Lab was finished: Thursday, November 3rd, 2016 IB Chemistry HL: SCH3U8-B Purpose: To observe a chemical reaction and to use qualitative and quantitative evidence to identify this reaction from among four possibilities. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Statue of the Aphrodite of Knidos free essay sample

The marble statue of Aphrodite was created in Europe, on the Roman, Imperial period on the 1st or 2nd century A.D, by the sculptor Praxiteles, and believed to be the first major work to illustrate the goddess without clothing. Praxiteles is one of the most celebrated of the Attic sculptors. Only one of his sculptors still survive, although the authenticity of this piece is doubted by some. Praxiteles was highly influential in the development of Greek sculpture, bringing an elegant and seductive grace to his work. His innovative style was a transformation from the tone set by his ancestors of impressive yet somehow divide sculpture, especially in representations of the gods. Praxiteles overcomes the problem of distancing the viewer from producing a much more humanizing view of the gods. Around the same time, Praxiteles produce the Aphrodite of Knidos, but this one was a dress. According to Pliny the Elder (23-79 CE), the draped figure was purchased first, while the naked figure was denied at the beginning. We will write a custom essay sample on Statue of the Aphrodite of Knidos or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page However, the people of Knidos soon bought the unclothed statue and set it in an open-air shrine, where it quickly became a sensation in the Greek world.This statue represents a uniform composition. Her sensual figure and extra beauty perform the goddess Aphrodite, the goddess of love and beauty. The statue transfers a feeling of serenity and calm. Marble is a solid and sparkling stone that is made up of calcium carbonate. The pallidity of calcite marble gives the sculpture its somehow white color. The fine grains made it possible for the sculpture to be uniform and delicate. The use of marble connects the sculpture to the shine and delicacy of female skin. The standing sculpture feet are placed in a certain way that brings a switch overreaction or movement and not a permanent poise. The left foot stands on a rectangular base, which takes the whole body’s weight.The goddess looks as she is surprised and uncertain. The head is looking to the left and gives us the feeling that the goddess has been disturbed. The original sculpture shows the goddess stretching her arms forward to protect her breast and genitals, all the while attracting attention to her nakedness. Praxiteles used this idea to clarify the issue of showing an influential goddess figure and a symbol of love and sexuality in the nude. The surface of the statue seems untouched by cleaning or weathering.Some of the features missing on this sculpture such as the arms, upper part of the support, chin, nose and the lips appear to be damaged. The figure’s hair is tied into a knot at the back. There are no earrings since her ears are not pierced.

Wednesday, March 11, 2020

Independence Days of the Nations of the World

Independence Days of the Nations of the World Of the 196 countries on Earth, the vast majority became independent after 1800. Only 20 were independent before the start of the 19th century- a mere 10%- and by 1900, only 49 or 25% of the countries of today were independent. Countries by Independence Date Here are all the countries in the world, listed in order from the oldest to the youngest: 660 BCE: Japan221 BCE: China301 CE: San Marino843 CE: France976 CE: Austria10th Century CE: Denmark1001: Hungary1143: Portugal1206: Mongolia1238: Thailand1278: AndorraAugust 1, 1291: Switzerland1419: Monaco15th Century: Spain1502: IranJune 6, 1523: SwedenJanuary 23, 1579: The Netherlands1650: OmanMay 1, 1707: The United KingdomJanuary 23, 1719: Liechtenstein1768: NepalJuly 4, 1776: The United States of AmericaJanuary 1, 1804: HaitiJuly 20, 1810: ColombiaSeptember 16, 1810: MexicoSeptember 18, 1810: ChileMay 14, 1811: ParaguayJuly 5, 1811: VenezuelaJuly 9, 1816: ArgentinaJuly 28, 1821: PeruSeptember 15, 1821: Costa RicaSeptember 15, 1821: El SalvadorSeptember 15, 1821: GuatemalaSeptember 15, 1821: HondurasSeptember 15, 1821: NicaraguaMay 24, 1822: EcuadorSeptember 7, 1822: BrazilAugust 6, 1825: BoliviaAugust 25, 1825: Uruguay1829: GreeceOctober 4, 1830: Belgium1839: LuxembourgFebruary 27, 1844: The Dominican RepublicJuly 26, 1847: LiberiaMarch 17, 1861: ItalyJuly 1, 1867: CanadaJanuar y 18, 1871: GermanyMay 9, 1877: RomaniaMarch 3, 1878: Bulgaria1896: EthiopiaJune 12, 1898: The PhilippinesJanuary 1, 1901: AustraliaMay 20, 1902: CubaNovember 3, 1903: PanamaJune 7, 1905: NorwaySeptember 26, 1907: New ZealandMay 31, 1910: South AfricaNovember 28, 1912: AlbaniaDecember 6, 1917: FinlandFebruary 24, 1918: EstoniaNovember 11, 1918: PolandDecember 1, 1918: IcelandAugust 19, 1919: AfghanistanDecember 6, 1921: IrelandFebruary 28, 1922: EgyptOctober 29, 1923: TurkeyFebruary 11, 1929: The Vatican CitySeptember 23, 1932: Saudi ArabiaOctober 3, 1932: IraqNovember 22, 1943: LebanonAugust 15, 1945: North KoreaAugust 15, 1945: South KoreaAugust 17, 1945: IndonesiaSeptember 2, 1945: VietnamApril 17, 1946: SyriaMay 25, 1946: JordanAugust 14, 1947: PakistanAugust 15, 1947: IndiaJanuary 4, 1948: BurmaFebruary 4, 1948: Sri LankaMay 14, 1948: IsraelJuly 19, 1949: LaosAugust 8, 1949: BhutanDecember 24, 1951: LibyaNovember 9, 1953: CambodiaJanuary 1, 1956: SudanMarch 2, 1956: MoroccoMarc h 20, 1956: TunisiaMarch 6, 1957: GhanaAugust 31, 1957: MalaysiaOctober 2, 1958: GuineaJanuary 1, 1960: CameroonApril 4, 1960: SenegalMay 27, 1960: TogoJune 30, 1960: Republic of the  CongoJuly 1, 1960: SomaliaJuly 26, 1960: MadagascarAugust 1, 1960: BeninAugust 3, 1960: NigerAugust 5, 1960: Burkina FasoAugust 7, 1960: Cà ´te dIvoireAugust 11, 1960: ChadAugust 13, 1960: Central African RepublicAugust 15, 1960:  Democratic  Republic of the CongoAugust 16, 1960: CyprusAugust 17, 1960: GabonSeptember 22, 1960: MaliOctober 1, 1960: NigeriaNovember 28, 1960: MauritaniaApril 27, 1961: Sierra LeoneJune 19, 1961: KuwaitJanuary 1, 1962: SamoaJuly 1, 1962: BurundiJuly 1, 1962: RwandaJuly 5, 1962: AlgeriaAugust 6, 1962: JamaicaAugust 31, 1962: Trinidad and TobagoOctober 9, 1962: UgandaDecember 12, 1963: KenyaApril 26, 1964: TanzaniaJuly 6, 1964: MalawiSeptember 21, 1964: MaltaOctober 24, 1964: ZambiaFebruary 18, 1965: The GambiaJuly 26, 1965: The MaldivesAugust 9, 1965: SingaporeMay 26, 1966: GuyanaSeptember 30, 1966: BotswanaOctober 4, 1966: LesothoNovember 30, 1966: BarbadosJanuary 31, 1968: NauruMarch 12, 1968: MauritiusSeptember 6, 1968: SwazilandOctober 12, 1968: Equatorial GuineaJune 4, 1970: TongaOctober 10, 1970: FijiMarch 26, 1971: BangladeshAugust 15, 1971: BahrainSeptember 3, 1971: QatarNovember 2, 1971: The United Arab EmiratesJuly 10, 1973: The BahamasSeptember 24, 1973: Guinea-BissauFebruary 7, 1974: GrenadaJune 25, 1975: MozambiqueJuly 5, 1975: Cape VerdeJuly 6, 1975: ComorosJuly 12, 1975: Sao Tome and PrincipeSeptember 16, 1975: Papua New GuineaNovember 11, 1975: AngolaNovember 25, 1975: SurinameJune 29, 1976: SeychellesJune 27, 1977: DjiboutiJuly 7, 1978: The Solomon IslandsOctober 1, 1978: TuvaluNovember 3, 1978: DominicaFebruary 22, 1979: Saint LuciaJuly 12, 1979: KiribatiOctober 27, 1979: Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesApril 18, 1980: ZimbabweJuly 30, 1980: VanuatuJanuary 11, 1981: Antigua and BarbudaSeptember 21, 1981: BelizeSeptember 19, 198 3: Saint Kitts and NevisJanuary 1, 1984: BruneiOctober 21, 1986: The Marshall IslandsNovember 3, 1986: The Federated States of MicronesiaMarch 11, 1990: LithuaniaMarch 21, 1990: NamibiaMay 22, 1990: YemenApril 9, 1991: GeorgiaJune 25, 1991: CroatiaJune 25, 1991: SloveniaAugust 21, 1991: KyrgyzstanAugust 24, 1991: RussiaAugust 25, 1991: BelarusAugust 27, 1991: MoldovaAugust 30, 1991: AzerbaijanSeptember 1, 1991: UzbekistanSeptember 6, 1991: LatviaSeptember 8, 1991: MacedoniaSeptember 9, 1991: TajikistanSeptember 21, 1991: ArmeniaOctober 27, 1991: TurkmenistanNovember 24, 1991: UkraineDecember 16, 1991: KazakhstanMarch 3, 1992: Bosnia and HerzegovinaJanuary 1, 1993: The Czech RepublicJanuary 1, 1993: SlovakiaMay 24, 1993: EritreaOctober 1, 1994: PalauMay 20, 2002: East TimorJune 3, 2006: MontenegroJune 5, 2006: SerbiaFebruary 17, 2008: KosovoJuly 9, 2011: South Sudan

Monday, February 24, 2020

The Representation of Muslim Australians in the Media Essay

The Representation of Muslim Australians in the Media - Essay Example Introduction In the modern world, the media plays a major role in the society in not only informing people daily events and issues but also takes a central position in shaping how people perceive certain elements. With a ubiquitous presence that signifies the vast potential it has in informing people about societal affairs and groups of people, the media is viewed as having the ability to shape peoples’ opinions by the way it presents certain versions of reality. Although other various forms of new media have come up in the recent past including the electronic media, their impact on the society is not different from that of the traditional media. Moreover, the widespread presence of the media and their designated role as the reliable conveyors of news and information gives it a central position in defining the society’s perception of minority groups1. How the media articulates certain issues about these minority groups informs the basis and framework through which the m ajority audiences come to think and form opinions about them. Due to their small number in the society, the media generally fail to represent minority groups in the society by marginalizing them, thereby making them invisible. On the other hand, when representation of minority groups is present in media, it is more often than not restricted and takes a negative angle, or is totally constructed due to held stereotypes2. It is imperative to note that these continued negative representation and stereotyping of minority groups in media is not unconnected with how the society reacts towards them. The role enormous role of media in determining how the majority perceive minority groups is further made clear by Van Dijk3, stating that that media discourse is the major source of people’s knowledge, attitudes and ideologies. It follows that when the discourse is directed at minorities coupled with limited interactions with these groups; this role becomes amplified and more critical. Re presentation of Muslims in Australian Media There has been considerable debate and discussion regarding the representation of Muslims in the media particularly in the recent past following the September 2001 terrorist attacks. The above ideas can be directly applied in examining the way in which the worldwide Muslim community and the Australian Muslims in particular are represented in the media. Religion in general has always suffered in the hands of the media but there seems to be a distinct repugnance towards Islam and Muslims. This continued media coverage of Islam and Muslims has elicited considerable response from the Muslim community in Australia for some time now. There is a considerable amount of literature and research that illustrates Western and Australian media discourses that regarding Islam and Muslims and more often than not it is found that most of the representations are negative albeit with a few neutral standings. Since the terrorist attacks in September 2001 in t he United States, the media coverage of Muslims and Islam in Australia has tended to be taking two very different positions. The media either totally ignore the Muslims and discussion of Islam, making it the ‘invisible minority’, and in effect denying them participation among the urban citizenry. Conversely, the media has represented Muslims in

Friday, February 7, 2020

Recommendations of Sab Miller Company Research Paper

Recommendations of Sab Miller Company - Research Paper Example e problem is the alcohol encouragement that is not appreciated, meaning that they will have to refocus on their sales, advertising, and marketing skills for the Asian market and attempt different combinations and permutations to acquire the market (Visser, 2005). For instance, SABMiller can extent their brand name through the strategy of first selling packaged drinking water to create awareness and in future introduce to the market their rationalized brands. They can as well stress on maximizing zero waste processes which would be very essential for future environmental conditions bearing in mind the current worrying rate of global warming. Nevertheless, it is true that idealism is an enemy of new deals and the company should thus incorporate this strategy into the system as opposed to merely making it a major concern (Armstrong, Segal & Davis, 2006). For a long time now, SAB has been faced with the societal concerns over its brewery and alcoholic drink sales, but this does not mean that the company has to stop its operations in the business. They only have to take some steps into consideration. For example, according to the company’s Executive Director Corporate Affairs and Transformation, Mr. Vincent Maphai, the firm is aware of the reputation and it, together with the alcohol industry is concerned about the government and societal worries about alcohol abuse. In this regard, it is rational to recommend that partnership of SAB with the government, the traders, the civil society, and the industry at large can be the best way out in addressing the harm that is brought about by alcohol especially in South Africa (Chang, 2009). As per the company analysis, it is evident that wherever the company has worked with provincial government and public departments, they have seen tremendous results. SAB executives ought to remain ope n to discussions with government agencies at all levels in pursuit of tangible ways of reducing the beliefs about alcohol intake and the